Since the 1970s, the population of Egypt has doubled: it went from 40 million in 1970 to 80 million in 2012. To respond to the needs of an ever-growing population, Egypt must build infrastructure that can meet these needs.
On September 29, 2001, a consortium led by VINCI Construction Grands Projets won the call for tenders. In late 2001, its choice was made official, and a contract was signed on June 1, 2002. The dam is designed to rationalise the Nile’s flood waters, thereby providing irrigation of agricultural lands during dry periods. The dam is a valuable public utility that enables Egypt to foster human and economic development.